Oxalic Acid

Oxalic acid, also known as ethanedioic acid, is a naturally occurring compound which is found in many different types of vegetables. In its solid form, it is colorless and has the appearance of a white crystal substance when purified. For humans, oral and topical applications of this acid are highly toxic to the body due to its bleach-like and corrosive properties. These properties are, however, useful for waste water applications and general cleaning and therefore this acid is commonly employed for these purposes today. As such, it is important to wear protective glasses, gloves and proper clothing in order to […]

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Formic Acid

Formic acid is a chemical that is both naturally occurring and frequently synthesized in laboratories. In nature, it is most commonly found in the bites and stings of insects, namely ants and bees. It is this compound that causes most of the irritation that occurs immediately following an ant bite or a bee sting. Although it can be very dangerous when highly concentrated, formic acid is very frequently used in food products as a preservative or on crops as a pesticide. In its purest form, it has little to no color, and a very strong odor. Despite its natural use […]

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Citric Acid

Citric acid is a naturally occurring acid which is found in large quantities in fruits – notably citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons and certain berries. It is a relatively weak acid and has a distinct, sour taste. It is an integral part of the Krebs cycle and therefore plays an essential role in the metabolism of all living things. The acid was first produced from citrus fruits but this technique was inefficient and only produced small quantities. Today, specific strains of the mold Aspergillus niger are used in the industrial production of the citric acid via a fermentation process. […]

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Folic Acid

Folic acid is a derived form of vitamin B9 linked to cell reproduction by contributing to DNA formation and repair. A deficiency in folic acid during pregnancy is commonly linked to birth defects such as spina bifida and other spinal and brain malformations in newborns. Folate, the naturally occurring form of the B vitamin, is found in dark green leafy vegetables but supplements containing, as well as food fortified with, folic acid are also available. What Is Folic Acid? Folic acid is a form of the B complex vitamin, B9. Folic acid may also be referred to as folate. Folate […]

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